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Carbonic International

Frequently Asked Questions

 

Environment Related

 

  1. How is Carbonic's contribution to the eco system productive?
    Carbonic uses carbon dioxide which is a greenhouse gas, before it can be released into the atmosphere. This can only be termed as a positive contribution. Besides, one of the refrigerants it replaces reaches the upper atmosphere where it can be a source of chlorine atoms that damage the Earth's ozone layer and increased, surface UV radiation can adversely affect human health and the environment.
     
  2. What is the greenhouse effect?
    The greenhouse effect is the natural process through which the earth’s atmosphere traps the heat energy of the sun, maintaining a stable temperature essential for life on earth. Gases such as methane, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, and even water vapour trap heat, and are thus referred to as greenhouse gases.
     
  3. Are increased levels of CO2 in the atmosphere a cause for concern?
    Carbon dioxide is a vital component of air, which is essential to life on earth. The earth’s oceans and forests are very efficient at absorbing and recycling carbon dioxide. In recent years the levels of CO2 in the atmosphere have been shown to rise, causing concern about whether increased absorption of heat would lead to global climate changes. However opinion is divided and some scientists believe that the increase in atmospheric temperature currently attributed to greenhouse effect is a part of the earth’s natural cycle of temperature fluctuations.
     
  4. Is it possible to improve efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions while burning fossil fuels?
    Yes. Although CO2 is an unavoidable by-product of burning fossil fuel, some fuels (such as natural gas) when burnt produce less CO2 than conventional energy sources like gasoline. Also, there are continuous advancements in existing technology that allow new-generation engines to reduce CO2 emission without compromising efficiency.
     
  5. Do CO2 technologies have an impact on the environment?
    CO2 technologies effectively utilize carbon dioxide recovered from processes like power generation, fermentation and industrial chemical processes like the manufacture of ethylene. In effect, no extra CO2 is being released into the atmosphere.
     
  6. Do dry ice applications such as blasting pose an environmental concern? Are there any current or impending regulations regarding their use?
    Are there any current or impending regulations regarding their use? On the broad scale, the amount of CO2 gas produced through these technologies is insignificant. There are no restrictive regulations regarding the use of these technologies.
     
  7. What is the carbon cycle?
    {modal url=images/site/co2cycle.jpg}{/modal}(Click to enlarge)
    Source: http://www.esd.ornl.gov/iab/iab2-2.htm

    A crucial part of the carbon cycle is the exchange of CO2 gas between the biosphere and the atmosphere (see diagram). On land, plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and convert it to energy through the process of photosynthesis. It is released during respiration, decomposition and burning of fossil fuels. Furthermore, a considerable volume of CO2 is continuously absorbed and released by the planet’s oceans through a series of complex biological and chemical processes. When balanced, the carbon cycle maintains levels of CO2 essential for life on earth.
     
  8. How long does it take for the oceans and terrestrial biosphere to recycle carbon after it has been burnt?
    The time it takes to recycle a single molecule of CO2 released through the burning of carbon is 3-4 years.